Short Name: MCD14ML
Product Title: MODIS/Aqua+Terra Thermal Anomalies/Fire locations 1km FIRMS V006 (Vector data)
Platform: Aqua & Terra, Instrument: MODIS
Long Name: MODIS/Aqua+Terra Thermal Anomalies/Fire locations 1km V006 Standard (Vector data) distributed by LANCE FIRMS
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Thermal Anomalies / Fire locations - Collection 6 processed by NASA's Science Computing Facility (SCF) at the University of Maryland (UMD) and distributed by Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), using swath products (MOD14/MYD14) rather than the tiled MOD14A1 and MYD14A1 products. The thermal anomalies / active fire represent the center of a 1km pixel that is flagged by the MODIS MOD14/MYD14 Fire and Thermal Anomalies algorithm (Giglio 2003) as containing one or more fires within the pixel. This is the most basic fire product in which active fires and other thermal anomalies, such as volcanoes, are identified.
MCD14ML are available through the FIRMS Archive Download with a lag of approximately 2 months. They are also available from the UMD SCF - see the UMD MODIS Active Fire and Burned Area Products website.
Spatial Coverage: Global
Spatial Resolution: 1km at nadir
- Citation Policy and Disclaimer
- Metadata: TBD
- User Guide: Collection 6
- For support, contact Earthdata Support
- Science Principal Investigator – Louis Giglio, University of Maryland
|Attribute||Short Description||Long Description|
|Latitude||Latitude||Center of 1km fire pixel but not necessarily the actual location of the fire as one or more fires can be detected within the 1km pixel.|
|Longitude||Longitude||Center of 1km fire pixel but not necessarily the actual location of the fire as one or more fires can be detected within the 1km pixel.|
|Brightness||Brightness temperature 21 (Kelvin)||Channel 21/22 brightness temperature of the fire pixel measured in Kelvin.|
|Scan||Along Scan pixel size||The algorithm produces 1km fire pixels but MODIS pixels get bigger toward the edge of scan. Scan and track reflect actual pixel size.|
|Track||Along Track pixel size||The algorithm produces 1km fire pixels but MODIS pixels get bigger toward the edge of scan. Scan and track reflect actual pixel size.|
|Acq_Date||Acquisition Date||Data of MODIS acquisition.|
|Acq_Time||Acquisition Time||Time of acquisition/overpass of the satellite (in UTC).|
|Satellite||Satellite||A = Aqua and T = Terra.|
|Confidence||Confidence (0-100%)||This value is based on a collection of intermediate algorithm quantities used in the detection process. It is intended to help users gauge the quality of individual hotspot/fire pixels. Confidence estimates range between 0 and 100% and are assigned one of the three fire classes (low-confidence fire, nominal-confidence fire, or high-confidence fire).|
|Version||Version (Collection and source)||Version identifies the collection (e.g. MODIS Collection 6) and source of data processing: Near Real-Time (NRT suffix added to collection) or Standard Processing (collection only).
"6.0NRT" - Collection 6 NRT processing.
"6.0" - Collection 6 Standard processing. Find out more on collections and on the differences between FIRMS data sourced from LANCE FIRMS and University of Maryland.
|Bright_T31||Brightness temperature 31 (Kelvin)||Channel 31 brightness temperature of the fire pixel measured in Kelvin.|
|FRP||Fire Radiative Power (MW - megawatts)||Depicts the pixel-integrated fire radiative power in MW (megawatts).
|Type*||Inferred hot spot type||0 = presumed vegetation fire
1 = active volcano
2 = other static land source
3 = offshore
|DayNight||Day or Night||D= Daytime fire, N= Nighttime fire|
*This attribute is only available for MCD14ML (standard quality) data
Both MCD14DL and MCD14ML can be viewed in FIRMS Fire Map.
- Fire 5-Min L2 1km V005 NRT
- MO/YD14 MODIS/Aqua Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 1km V006
- MO/YD14CRS MODIS Coarse Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 Swath 5km V006 NRT
- MO/YD14CRS MODIS Coarse Thermal Anomalies/Fire 5-Min L2 Swath 5km V006
- Climate Modelling Grid Fire Products
Level 2 Products (HDF-EOS format)
- MOD14 (Terra) and MYD14 (Aqua) MODIS Thermal Anomalies
- MOD14GD/MOD14GN (Terra) and MyD14GD/MYD14GN (Aqua) Level 2G Daytime and Nighttime Fire Products
Level 2 Products (HDF-EOS format)
- 8-Day Daily Composite Fire Product
- MOD14A1 (Terra) and MYD14A1 (Aqua)
- 8-Day Summary Fire Product
- MOD14A2 (Terra) and MYD14A2 (Aqua)
MODIS Global Daily Fire QA Product
Burned Area: MCD45A Global Burned Area Product (HDF-EOS format/GeoTIFF/SHP)
- Available from the University of Maryland Active Fire and Burned Area Products website in HDF-EOS format and as GeoTIFF and SHP files
- Available from NASA's Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) and accessible through Earthdata Search.
This data set was provided by LANCE FIRMS operated by NASA ESDIS with funding provided by NASA Headquarters. See https://earthdata.nasa.gov/earth-observation-data/near-real-time/citation#firms
User Guides, Key Science Publications and General Information
- Find out what's new in Collection 6
- MODIS Collection 6 Active Fire Product User's Guide Revision B
- Giglio, L., Descloitres, J., Justice, C.O., Kaufman, Y. 2003. An enhanced contextual fire detection algorithm for MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 87:273-282. doi: 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00184-6
- Justice, C. O., L. Giglio, et al. 2011. MODIS-Derived Global Fire Products. Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. B. Ramachandran, C. O. Justice and M. J. Abrams, Springer New York. 11: 661-679. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6749-7_29.
- Justice, C. O., Giglio, L., Korontzi, S., Owens, J., Morisette, J., Roy, D., Descloitres, J., Alleaume, S., Petitcolin, F. and Kaufman, Y. J. 2002. The MODIS fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment 83:244-262. doi: 10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00076-7.
Page Last Updated: May 18, 2020 at 11:14 AM EDT